Dow Settlement - Carleton Co.
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DOW SETTLEMENT, BRIGHTON PARISH,
CARLETON COUNTY, NEW BRUNSWICK

BACKGROUND and LOCATION

        As indicated on the page up one level, when those of the bbbfaa line, our direct family, who remained in New Brunswick (many returned to the United States) left the Oromoncto/Burton areas of Sunbury County and the Kingsclear area of York County, they moved further up the St. John River and settled at a place that became known as Dow Settlement (later called East Brighton and today non-existent, with the name East Brighton designating both locations) in Brighton Parish of Carleton County, New Brunswick.       

        Like the Dow Settlement in York County, this was not a town but a specific area of farms and houses and a school clustered together at a crossroads in Brighton Parish of Carleton County,  New Brunswick, east of  the St. John River and the town of Lower Brighton where later generations of our family lived.

        A January 12, 1965 letter [DN1262] from the Photogrammetry Branch, Department of Lands and Mines, to the Canadian Permanent Committee on Geographical Names in Ottawa, in a paragraph referenced B-1 and B-2 (keys also to markings on the map below), included purported comments of a "Mr. Raymond" and the "field staff, as the result on enquiry at the local usage and opinion level":

            "In old days there used to be a small school in each place, but
             nowadays together it is locally known and referred to as East
             Brighton, - this would be better because there is another Dow
             Settlement in around Canterbury, - but keep record card or file."

        The second edition (1972) of the Gazetteer of Canada for New Brunswick, published by the the Canadian Permanent Committee on Geographical Names [DN1105], lists both DOW SETTLEMENTS and provides their latitude and longitude ("Position - degrees and minutes"):

        Shown below are the record cards [DN1261] from Energy, Mines and Resources Canada.  These were provided to me in an 11 August 1988 letter [DN1260], along with the map below and the letter above.  The letter stated that although a "Mr. Rayburn had recently retired", the source of his information (see second card below) was "(Jennings 1903)".  Jennings 1903 refers to correspondence from John Jennings of Newburg Junction to W. F. Ganong, June 23, 1903, in Ganong Library, Settlement files I, 326, New Brunswick Museum, Saint John.

     [Note: the last line of the card immediately above contains an error -"Vardus Dow" should read "Vardus Shaw" - see below]       

     In a 12 September 1988 letter to me from the New Brunswick Museum in Saint John [DN1265], the following additional information was supplied:

        In summary, then, we know that Dow Settlement in Brighton Parish of Carleton County NB was first settled by John Sweeney (from Ireland)  and William Dow [RN 620] bbbfaab, my great great grandfather, and Vardus Shaw [RN3181] (both natives of NB) in the year 1848.  The names East Brighton (at 46 16 - 67 27) and  Dow Settlement (at 46 16 - 67 26) were adopted for map purposes by the Canadian government  on 1 September 1949.  On 25 January 1965, the name Dow Settlement was rescinded and its area included within the area approved on the same day as East BrightonEast Brighton's location was altered to 46 16 - 62 26.

 

MAPS

 

        As points of reference, the red dots on the map below show the approximately locations of both Dow Settlements in New Brunswick, the top one in Carleton County and the bottom one in York County.

    Most modern maps do not even show the name of Dow Settlement.  For example, the 1989 road map below fails to identify location by name.  The actual location is noted by the red annotation to this map.

Click on image above to view a pdf file containing an enlargement of this map.
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        However, a search for older and more detailed maps has revealed several very good maps, including the one below which shows both the Dow Settlement of York County and the Dow Settlement of Carleton County, co-existing at the same time approximately 25 miles from each other ("as the crow flies").

Click on image above to view a pdf file containing an enlargement of this map.
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    An enlarged portion of the above map, in the immediate area of Dow Settlement in Carleton County is shown below.  This map reflects the original location of both East Brighton and Dow Settlement when they were considered separate entities.

        This topo map published in 1956 by the Surveys and Mapping Branch, Department of Mines and Technical Surveys, shows both Dow Settlement and East Brighton and the buildings associated with each.  The markings B-1 and B-2 reference a paragraph in a January 12, 1965, letter (above) :

            "In old days there used to be a small school in each place, but
             nowadays together it is locally known and referred to as East
             Brighton, - this would be better because there is another Dow
             Settlement
in around Canterbury, - but keep record card or file."

        This topo map published in 1981 by the Surveys and Mapping Branch of the Department of Energy, Mines and Resources, based on 1976 cultural information, shows the original location of Dow Settlement labeled as East Brighton and the original location of East Brighton (to the south west) as unlabeled.  Actually at this point in time the name East Brighton was intended to include both areas.  Note the buildings shown on this map.

        Finally, this very large format map of Carleton County NB, published in 1876 by private subscription by Roe & Colby, St. John NB [DN1237] (A. R. Dow, farmer and resident of Dow Settlement was a listed subscriber).  This wonderful map not only shows all the farm houses throughout the county but also identifies the residents.  Marked by red arrows are the farm homes of:  on the St. John River - John L. Dow [RN  25] bbbfaabc, my great grandfather, and the school (where William Taylor [RN5981] and Marlborough Ivan Dow # [RN  18] bbbfaabca both taught)  just north of his farm, both on the St. John River;  and at Dow Settlement - Amos Robinson Dow # [RN 625] bbbfaabj,  the small school referred to above, Charles F. Dow [RN 623] bbbfaabf, and Lothrop Hammond Dow # [RN 624] bbbfaabh.

Click on image above to view a pdf file containing an enlargement of this map.
This pdf file is about 82KB in size, with only 1 page, but it may load slowly in some browser versions.
When viewing the pdf file in Adobe Acrobat Reader, use the "Zoom" feature   to increase/decrease the size of the map for easier viewing.
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LAND GRANTS

 

        The Crown Lands Branch of the Department of Natural Resources and Energy in a letter to me dated 16 August 1988 [DN1254] states that the Grant Reference Plan #102 (dated 1979) [DN1240], a portion of which is shown below, reflects the four people that finally got the grants outlined in red in what was part of Dow SettlementAnnie J. Dow [RN 918] (her name was actually Ann Isabella (Shaw) Dow Hovey), second wife of Charles F. Dow [RN 623] bbbfabf shown on an earlier plan.  This grant of #61 was received 1 September 1881 (Grant #18363 [DN 830]); Lothrop H. Dow [RN 624] bbbfaabh, shown on an earlier plan with the name John Sweeney.  This grant of #62 was received 10 March 1879 (Grant #17527 [DN 829); William Mc Lean, shown on an earlier plan with the name William Dow [RN 620] bbbfaab.  This grant of #63 was received 16 January 1919 (Grant #27677); and Mary Jane Mc Lean, shown on an earlier plan with the name Henry Mc Intyre.  This grant of #64 was received 11 November 1901 (Grant #24479)

        Note the family name Shaw just north of these and to the west in what is labeled on this map as East Brighton.  These Shaw are descendants (or other relatives) of Advardus Shaw [RN3181].

 

        These same four lots (note lot numbers are different than on map above) had originally been surveyed and a "Return of Survey" Plan CN5/87 [DN1257] filed 2 May 1862 in preparation of granting these four lots.  Different names were tentatively noted on this plan.  The note "Granted 1918" on the William Mc Lean lot, was the expected date that he was to receive his grant, but for one reason or another, he did not receive it until 16 January 1919.  The note "John Sweeny and William Dow improved" were potential people who might receive these grants but did not.  The records show that a William Dow [RN 620] bbbfaab did petition for a grant in 1815 (#831) when that part of Carleton County was then York County but apparently did not receive the grant.  No petition or grant was found to John Sweeny.  They were being considered at the time but the grants never materialized.  The note "for return of this lot, see Book 6/29" refers to the "Return of Survey" (1871) prior to the issuing of the grant to Lothrop H. Dow [RN 624] bbbfaabh on 10 March 1879 below.

        On the above Plan the surveyor noted that "Almost 13 acres of C. F. Dow's lot was chopped by William Richardson many years since but it is now partially grown up since his chop.  William Mc Lean lot is improved.  Hard wood and ? growth."

        Finally,  this 23 October 1871 "Return of Survey CN 6/29 prior to the issuing of the grant to Lothrop H. Dow [RN 624] bbbfaabh, the surveyor noted "improved by petitioner and mixed growth".

 

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